How to draw the boat on water with a pencil step by step

How to draw the boat on water with a pencil step by step

How to draw water with a pencil step by step

Drawing of water quite difficult for many artists. In this lesson methods of drawing of the boat and its reflection, and also secrets which allow to make water such watery will be shown!))

In this lesson we will study the following:
to choose areas of shadows and light;
to create realistic reflection, using strong tone contrast
gradually to increase tone of shading, using pressure upon a pencil
to smooth shading by means of shading;
to use an elastic band as instruments of drawing.

• outline paper
• paper for drawing white and high quality (in this case Bristol)
NV pencils, 2B and 4B or mechanical
• an eraser, a klyachka, a rastushka (or other instruments of mixing, such as cosmetic wipes or wadded disks), and paper (under a hand when draw).


Water makes two thirds of a surface of the planet in the form of oceans, lakes, reservoirs, streams, the rivers, and even small pools. Water is transparent and reflects an environment, lungs of tone of the clear blue sky, more dark of tone of cloudy day, or bright colors of sunrise or a decline.

The surface of motionless water will reflect the boat or the person about its edge. The surface excited with a wind will distort reflections and will shatter them into color slices (or voice-frequency in graphic drawing). The rough sea will reflect colors of the sky within huge waves which fly up in air and collapse with a force sufficient for movement of big stones.

Waves are created by the movement of water because of a wind, inflow and currents.

The water surface in good, windless day is quiet and reflects the sky and elements of environment. The wave can also give reflection, but at its movement it breaks. Shadows in depth and if water is small become visible, it is possible to see a bottom. "Wave triangles" — small sections of water, more dark on tone also reflect the water movement.
When you see the mass of water, investigate its surface. The general tone of reflection tends to be a little more dark, than the reflected object. Any movement of a water surface will interrupt reflection and will cause distortion.
Besides, reflection — this turned (otzerkalenny) image of the reflected object.

Drawing of water is similar to drawing of metal or a glass; everyone is made of change of the forms left from light, Wednesday, and shadows. The same basic principles which belong to this drawing, also belong to drawing of ocean waves. Ability to differentiate forms of the lit and darkened sites, is an integral part of exact creation of realism in scenes of beautiful sea types.

Having understood an essence of those forms, you will be able to create water illusion.

The boat on water

Referens for this lesson.
Water drawing — slow, methodical process which demands a great patience. Do not hurry, periodically come back to the photo, along with the presented stages, and you will be rewarded by beautiful drawing.


At this stage you do a sketch of various elements of composition and plan areas of light and shade in order that then to shade them.
Use paper for sketches at the beginning of work where you make corrections and erase.

How to draw the boat

Deleting and drawing over the erased spoil a paper surface therefore transferring the ready sketch to a new sheet of paper of high quality you receive a new, pure surface to continue work.

1) Using a pencil of NV and easy pressure, do a sketch of the main forms of the boat and its reflection.
Leave a lot of place round the boat to add more water.

Council: Reflections have to be directed directly to you, not at an angle.

2) When the main forms are planned, a pencil of NV trace contours of light and dark areas. Pay special attention how the movement of water changes forms of the reflected image. Reflection will not be completely mirror, absolute lack of the water movement is very rare!

Attentively investigate forms a ratio of light and shade of a surface of moving water and thin voice-frequency changes in areas of motionless water. Then, slightly depict in general various forms of reflection of the boat in water.

3) Add additional details to the boat, such as contours of forms and patches of light on water which are reflected on its case.

we draw the boat on water

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Drawing of water and reflections resembles a mosaic a little. To each slice there is the place, and the whole picture will not look correct if at they are not on the places.

4) When you are satisfied with the preliminary sketch, transfer it on new a sheet of paper.

You can transfer the sketch, using one of the following methods:

• A light box — the simple and effective tool to transfer the image on
not really dense paper. If your paper for drawing rather thin and transparent, you can attach the sketch to a window in bright day, and transfer lines to a new sheet of paper, imposed over the sketch.
• If you work with thick paper, such as water color, for example, shade with a pencil a reverse side of the sketch, impose it over the good paper shaded with the party down and accurately carry out sharply undermined pencil on lines of the sketch.
Council: only do not press on paper too strongly, differently will soil a new leaf.

Strong voice-frequency contrast — that does reflection plausible. If you want to show the lit area, then you have to place near it the area which is intensively darkened and vice versa. Color or tone of reflection has to be more dark than the reflected object.

5) Use graphitic powder or a pencil of the average hardness (NV) and very easy pressure to cover a water surface in your drawing.

We draw the boat

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It will be easy gray "basis" — the main tone for water to which more dark can be added tone to condense shadows, and patches of light can be added an eraser or a klyachka. It is easy to receive graphitic powder, rubbing a pencil core on a small emery paper. Big area it is possible to cover with the main tone, by means of powder and a brush, a wadded disk, or a suede slice.

Other option — it is simple to sketch a big site a soft pencil (8B, for example) on other sheet of paper, and then wipe this place a wadded disk. Graphite will stick to a wadded disk and you will need only to pound accurately it in your drawing.

6) Mix tone averages a wadded disk or shading.
It is better to apply a wadded disk to big areas, such as water. Some distinctions in average tones are acceptable at this stage. Later you will add light and dark tone in process of a work portrayal. Only make sure that you covered all water area.

7) Let's return to tone which you just made NV pencil, hardly concerning a paper slate pencil to add a uniform layer of graphite.

How to draw the boat

Soft drawing, parallel horizontal strokes, will strengthen water illusion; however, it should not be visible accurate lines from a pencil, only the general tone. To achieve it, the tip of a pencil has to remind a chisel, with one smoothed party. It will give wider stroke and will leave sharp kray on the other hand for work on details.
When you point the pencil, use an emery paper or a leaf of unnecessary paper to smooth its tip. If you prefer mechanical pencils, continuously use only one party of a slate pencil. You can buy mechanical pencils in which thicker cores, such kak.0,7 or 0,9mm are used.

Council: do not press strongly, adding new layers of graphite, especially on smooth paper. You quickly fill structure of paper and subsequently will not be able to strengthen a shadow as want.

8) We continue to work on a water surface.

How to draw reflection of the boat in water

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More dark places — areas of moving water which do not reflect light. Use a pencil 2B to strengthen a shadow. Do not lead round lines each site, but use a tip of a chisel of your pencil to increase contrast on border of light and shade. Drawing looks very attractive so far, but it is necessary to continue to work, it will become better!

How to draw a water smooth surface

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9) Using the same equipment which you used on water, start to adding tone on the boat.
Use the easy pressure and a pencil of NV to lay the main tone. After that start adding deeper shadows, leaving white places to show patches of light from water.

Council: form sites which are darkened, the lit lines, and boat boards, need a careful portrayal and gradual shading to reach the realistic image.

How to draw the boat with a pencil

Council: Easy splashes of fixative can help you to add a little more graphite, but you will not be able to erase something earlier made!

how to draw the boat with a pencil step by step

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Attention! Very strong covering of fixative tends to change structure of a surface of paper; therefore, dark tone will be even more difficult to be reached.

Note small voice-frequency distinctions in water before the boat. It is reached by gradual drawing layers of graphite. Shade softly on areas which will be darkened Do everything possible not to leave accurate lines!
The forward part of a board of the boat has to be easier on tone because it is turned to light; therefore in the left part shading is condensed. The most dark sites are only under the main edge of the boat and where the boat adjoins to water and reflection begins. Use a pencil 2B to deepen shadows and 4B or 6B for very dark accents if it is required.


At this stage along with drawings address and to a referens to finish the boat, water, reflection, ropes, and an anchor buoy. Rely first of all on illustrations; text instructions are minimized.

How to draw the wooden boat

Slowly shade more dark sites both by the boat and on its reflection. Use 2B and 4B pencils to work shading on water. More dark areas have lighter streaks in the limits them and need careful mixing. Continue to add graphite layers to deepen shadows. Your pencil has to concern hardly paper with the minimum pressure, differently you will destroy structure of paper.

Boat nose drawing

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The rope lasting from a boat board is tense, knotted and rubbed. Add roughness and attritions to a rope 2B and 4B pencils.

We draw

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Plan the ends of a rope which are hanging down in water. Reflection of these ropes appear a little not in focus and are more dark on tone, than a rope. Shading consists not of rigid lines; and worries with the boat and water reflection rather.

We drawWe drawForms of water reflection on the case are carefully shaded, along with the patches of light reflected from water. Change tone it is how necessary for creation of realistic illusion of depth. Slowly gather new layers and avoid any rigid lines, doing voice-frequency transitions.

We draw

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The lungs of tone in reflections not brightly white or accurately designated, therefore, to reach effect, you have to soften constantly their edges by means of voice-frequency extensions.

How to draw water with a pencil

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Also note that in general reflection is very dark in comparison with the boat, it is a sign that water is rather deep.

how to draw waves

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Let's continue work on water on a background. Do not hurry. Realistic drawing demands patience in imposing of layers and achievement of necessary tone. Attentive supervision over object is an integral part of knowledge where to add tone.

How to draw water

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Add dark shadows and accurately mix them with lighter fragments, leaving bright patches of light (white tone of paper).

we drawDraw a form of the round anchor buoy floated at the left above. Your shading has to create illusion that the buoy is round; constantly remind yourself of the direction of a light source.

We drawReflection of an anchor buoy will be more dark with some lighter sites on the right, where a lit side. Continue to deepen shadows and to level a surface of the water with changing tone.

we draw

Condense the most dark sites at the edges of the boat and a shabby rope.

We draw


The white wavy line reflects light of the remote source which we do not see.

You can create this line with edge of a klyachka or a keen edge of an eraser. Use a klyachka or an eraser to allocate the brightest patches of light and to light other areas which seem too dark.

Postpone drawing for a week and do not even look at it. After a break you will easily find areas which, perhaps, need completion. When you butut are happy with result, cover drawing with fixative to prevent greasing.

It was necessary to put the signature and date. You made it! Now you know how to create water! The same equipment belongs to drawing of a glass and metal.

How to draw the boat on water

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Find other image, the containing water, and using the received skills, create new drawing. Analyse a form and note voice-frequency gradation of forms. Do not hurry, trace the linear sketch, then slowly gather layers from shading, clarify tone an elastic band and, at last, do patches of light.

Author: Jeanette Jobson Translation: