We start drawing easy lines, we do not press on a pencil. It must be kept in mind that the drawings presented here, especially the first stages, in reality it is much easier on tone.
In the beginning we mark composition on a leaf. The composition has to be at once in proportions and in character, differently in the course of changes and specifications of proportions, an inclination, etc. it can strongly change …
Anyway, if you define at once that for you in leaf composition important where "center", and at little changes it will never lose.
The composition of similar educational drawings is usually extremely simple, there is a question, why in general, to stuff these to itself the head?
And in order that all principles considered by us work in drawing and creativity in general, and not just in this concrete case. Formation of the correct approaches and habits is useful for the future. It is unlikely you train yourself in draftsmen of the plaster heads …
We begin with easy lines, we do not press on a pencil for two reasons: 1) drawing, easy on tone, is easily erased i.e. it it is easy to govern 2) with a pressure upon a pencil the hand strains and the consciousness micro strains, goes to a hand, means in this directly second it does not observe nature.
We have the main details and changes of a form, but we do not forget that we now DO NOT DRAW the DETAIL, and DETAILS we DRAW the WHOLE.
In practice it means that we constantly look at nature entirely and at drawing entirely, trying to take more true the general proportions of the head in general, turn, an inclination and character of a form.
But, all these main things, we cannot abstractly take therefore, all of us the most characteristic moments grab at once, but without hanging on them, and as if rushing by.
The elements which are are closer to us, at once it is better to plan slightly more contrastly, than the parts which are further. For the account it already at the beginning of drawing the volume and space start appearing.
Thus, so far you did not find out that all details and the sizes are taken truly, the general tonality of drawing has to remain low-fat that it was easy for you to govern.
After you planned the main characteristic relations approximately, not superfluous will be to measure, since the biggest sizes.
Also, directing a pencil vertically and horizontally at nature and drawing, to check, whether the inclination is truly taken.
Why everything is better to plan approximately and only in the beginning then to start measuring? Because it you every time give to the eye estimation small chance, as if feed up him. Gradually it starts justifying your trust.
Gradually it is necessary to deal with very tectonics of a shape of the head. it is possible to add an easy treatment of light and shade that volume turned out at once.
It is necessary to do it according to plans (planes) and changes (turns) of a shape of the head which you see. For this purpose it is useful to approach closer, attentively to look from the different parties.
In order that it is good to understand an arrangement of plans and changes of a form, it is necessary to be interested strongly in this question and to notice them on all plaster and live heads which you see before yourself.
The educational "obrubovochny" heads should be drawn many times in different turns and foreshortenings. Thus there are a lot of long sketches for 20-30 minutes small (8-12 cm) the size from different points, give advantage much more than only two full-size drawings in three quarters at the left and on the right as it takes place in some educational institutions.
Besides, from a point with which you draw, not all shape of the head can adequately be perceived.
Therefore it is necessary not to hesitate to approach and examine (sometimes — to feel) a form from all directions.
As you manage to find truly and the general proportions of the head and its detail, it is possible to add slowly still a tonality — we do more active that is closer. At the expense of it there is a volume and space. The space is meant as that more active (made in drawing it is more contrast) parts, look seem located closer, than the parts solved more softly. Respectively, and it is worth doing by more contrast those parts which actually to us closer, in this case, it is a nose, a near cheekbone, a nadbrovny arch, near edge of a mouth, etc.
All this transfer of space in general, gives feeling of total amount, the general shape of the head — more or less reminding egg.
Thus transition of drawing from linear in voice-frequency, we use even more true to compare everything.
It will be easier to compare that, than the tonality since in life all of us see in spots, but not in pencil lines will be taken more really.
Therefore to continue to compare it is necessary until the end of drawing.
As you can see, details are added gradually.
Thus, than we are surer that the basic is taken truly, that more surely we place details. The each place becomes more concrete, the easier for us again to compare the whole. The easier for us to compare whole, the easier for us to correct an arrangement of fine details. Than more particularly we worked details in the foreground, those the volume and the big relations and so indefinitely is more felt.
Thus our consciousness constantly looks at general impression from the head in general.
Thus, than drawing (than more we gather a real tonality of dark and light places) becomes more voice-frequency,
especially it is important not to forget to look often to us an out-of-focus look. About what there is a speech?
In usual life if we look at any subject, we see it accurately, specifically, all details in turn.
For this reason our look often rushes about from a detail to a detail, considers them, but in it it is a high time does not see whole — it is impossible to see absolutely accurately at once many places. But it especially is also not necessary. And to see in general (in literal, but not figurative sense) — it is necessary.
If it is simple to look at the object drawn by you at the same time on all — it and will be a little not accurate. It is also a look necessary to us — what needs to be added in addition to the usual "jumping" look. It is possible to slide still a look, without being focused — all this usually occurs when the person reflects, "absent-mindedly looks".
There is the well-known statement of Chistyakov: "You draw an ear — look at a heel!" It is possible to treat it on a miscellaneous, but the fact — details are placed on the places when it is slightly defocused look at all subject entirely better.
When there is a work in tone, we need to see the overall voice-frequency picture and accurately visible details usually strongly disturb it.
Thus the rasfokusirovanny we look, that details disappear more strongly, the better we see an overall picture, the main ratios.
This vision of the main voice-frequency ratios also allows us to gain tone of drawing truly.
It is important thus not to forget to compare constantly and linear ratios — head proportions in general, an arrangement of the small and most parts, etc.
Opportunity to look it is defocused, does not mean that it is not necessary to depart from drawing and to compare from distance. On the contrary, from distance to do it is even more convenient and more effective.
Author: Oleg Toropygin (Helgast) Istochnik:demiart.Ru